Which god worship on the occasion of the Satyanarayana Puja?
As the name denotes, Lord Satyanarayana/ Vishnu worship on the occasion of the Satyanarayana Puja.
History of the above puja
History or the origin of the puja is not clearly known, but this puja was first done in the Andhra Pradeshand then people of the other states also started this.
This puja is having its origin at the time of middle ages in the West Bengal in the traditions of Surfi and Syncretism of Hindu where Hindus Satya Narayana became the Muslims Satya Pir and the Muslims Satya Pir became the Hindus Satya Narayana.
What is the significance of the above occasion?
Satyanarayana puja has a great significance in various states of India. In Maharashtra, for the community of Chitpavan, it is important. In West Bengal, this puja is performed by the people before the ceremony of house warming. In Andhra Pradesh, people are very devoted towards incarnation of Lord Vishnu, Srimannarayana. In A.P. in the East Godavari district, there is a very old and religious temple at Annavaram for the Swami Sri Satyanarayana. This puja is performed on regular basis at Annavaram.In Bangladesh, some Buddhists also performed this puja. Among Hindus it is performed after or on any major occasion like marriage, on getting new job or on any day.
What are the things or material required for the worship of Satyanarayana?
Sirni, a Prasad made up of many things, turmeric powder, rangoli, camphor, Kumkum powder, Incense sticks, flowers, almonds five in no., 2 coconuts, 30 betel leaves and betel nuts, One banana tree as a canopy, 1000 tulsi leaves, two plates, wooden platform square shaped, 2 jars of copper, One shawl, Sandalwood sticks, panchamrita, Sandal wood paste, Akshat, Raw rice-1 Kg, conch shell, 2 flower garlands, a ghee and an oil lamp, bell, a cloth,6 coconuts after completing katha.
What is the vidhi (method) of worship?
This puja is basically performed in the evening but it can do in the morning as well. The devotee will do fast on this day and can start the puja after having a bath.
First of all the devotee will pray to Lord Ganesha as sometimes puja may be done in the wrong manner so by doing this all those obstacles may be removed. The method is that devotee will chant all the names of Lord Ganesha one by one and offer Prasad mostly modak made up of mixture of coconut and sugar, the favourite of Lord Ganesha.
Next part includes the prayer of Navagarha, which are the important celestial beings nine in number in the universe. These celestial beings are Rahu (the head of the Demon snake), Surya (the Sun), Angaaraka/Chevaai (Mars), Shukra (Venus), Sani (Saturn), Budha (Mercury), Chandra (the moon), Guruaka Brahaspati (Jupiter), Ketu (the tail of the Demon snake).
Rest of the part is covered by praying Lord Vishnu’s benevolent form Lord Satyanarayana. Before worshipping, the place is clean up with panchamritam where deity will be kept. Then Satyanarayana Swami Puja starts. His Katha is read by the people or their devotee. The name of Satyanarayana is chanted again and again and some flowers and Prasad made up of mixture of honey, sugar, yogurt, milk, butter/ ghee is offered to god.
After this, story of the puja is convey to all the persons who are taking part in the puja or sit there by any person who knows the story of the same. The story starts with the origin, and then its advantages and mishaps are told.
At the last, Aarti is done which includes revolving of the diya in the front of the statue of the Lord. And then puja gets over and Prasad is being offered to all the people who are the part of the puja and others.
What are the timings to celebrate this puja or occasion in a year?
Satyanarayana puja is done on various days like on the full moon day, in Hindi, on Pournima in every month, on Kartheeka Paurnima, sankranti, vaisakha paurnima, ekdashi but not at the time of Ashada masam.
In which parts of the country, this puja is considered as more important?
This puja is considered as important in almost all the parts of the country including Karnataka, Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Orissa, and Maharashtra.